Prolonged stress hinders the body’s ability to fight illness and recover from injury. As the vicious cycle of chronic pain to stress/stress to chronic pain continues, individuals experience a change in mood, sleep and quality of life.
Due to the strong focus on physical processes, certain processes such as biofeedback and physical and psychological activation are particularly well received by many patients. Patients with chronic pain often feel in-capable of doing something about their pain themselves. Due to many failed therapies, they have become passive and feel hopeless and depressed. Therefore, one main goal of psychological pain therapies is to decrease the patient’s subjective feeling of helplessness. A second goal of therapy is to reduce passive pain behavior and to establish more active forms of behavior.