Motivational Interviewing (MI)
MI is non-judgmental, non-confrontational and non-adversarial. The approach attempts to increase the client’s awareness of the potential problems caused, consequences experienced, and risks faced as a result of the behavior in question.
MI recognizes and accepts the fact that clients who need to make changes in their lives are at different levels of readiness to change their behavior; some may have thought about it but not taken the necessary steps while others, especially those voluntarily seeking counseling, may be actively trying to change their behavior and may have been doing so unsuccessfully for years.
The role of the therapist is to help clients envision a better future, and become increasingly motivated to achieve it. Either way, the strategy seeks to help clients think differently about their behavior and ultimately to consider what might be gained through change.
The main goals of MI are to elicit change and establish commitment to change from the client